What Is Drug Addiction?
Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. The harmful habits of people suffering from drug addiction come as a result of these changes inside the brain. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, over time, it becomes increasingly difficult for the person not to do so. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. The increased length of time that the person's brain relies on drugs to function is the cause of this. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Can Substance Dependency Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
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An addict in treatment must work toward the following
- quit utilising drugs
- remain drug-free
- be a productive member at work, in society and in the family
Principles Behind Effective Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
- Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
- Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
- Behavioural therapies are often combined with medications, which are another important aspect of therapy.
- A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
- Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
- Medical personnel must supervise any medications taken during the rehab period.
- Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Substance Dependency Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment
- Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
- behavioural counselling
- medication (for tobacco, opioid, or alcohol addiction)
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
Treatment ought to incorporate both therapeutic and emotional well-being services as required. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Are Meds Utilised As A Part Of Drug Compulsion Treatment?
Administered under professional supervision, prescription medicines are used to help the patient ease into a life without the effects of the drug, stop cravings and manage associated ailments.
- Withdrawal During rehab, taking some prescription drugs assists in reducing withdrawal reactions. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
- Preventing Relapse Patients can utilize medicines to help rebuild normal brain functioning and reduce desires. Alcohol addiction, tobacco (nicotine) and opioid (heroin, prescription pain relievers) have medications for their treatments. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with
- Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
- increase wholesome life skills
- Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
Outpatient behavioural treatment incorporates a wide assortment of projects for patients who visit a behavioural health counsellor on a fixed schedule. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
- motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
- contingency management (motivational incentives), which makes use of positive reinforcement to motivate refraining from substances
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. After the intensive treatment is complete, patients move on to regular outpatient treatment to help maintain their recovery by continuing to meet weekly but for fewer hours.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme
- Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. People can move onto independent life through recovery housing - it assists them for example to learn financial management or job hunting, while linking them to community based support groups.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.